The War of 1812: Who Won the War?
Major General Sir Isaac Brock (British)
"Were it not for the death of Gen. Brock & McDonell our victory would have been glorious and really a matter of triumph, but losing in one man, not only the President of the Province but our ablest General, is an irreparable loss, under the existing circumstances of affairs at a time when his moderation & impartiality had united all parties …"
Letter from Thomas G. Ridout (Brown's Point) to his brother Samuel Ridout, October 21, 1812 Thomas Ridout
Reference Code: F 43, box MU 2390
Archives of Ontario
Extract from an original letter
Laura Secord (British, born in America)
Historica Minutes: http://www.histori.ca/minutes/minute.do?id=10118
Major General Henry Dearborn (American)
Sir George Prevost (British Governor General)
This quote in 1814 shows the Duke of Wellington’s distrust in Sir George Prevost.
“It is very obvious to me that you must remove Sir George Prevost. I see he has gone to war about trifles with the general officers I sent him, which are certainly the best of their rank in the army; and his subsequent failure and distresses will be aggravated by that circumstance; and will probably with the usual fairness of the public be attributed to it.” Hitsman, J. Mackay (updated by Donald E. Graves), The Incredible War of 1812, Robin Brass Studio, Toronto, 1999. p.267
Major General Roger Hale Sheaffe (British)
Tecumseh (First Nations)
Father, listen!—The Americans have not yet defeated us by land—neither are we sure that they have done so by water— we therefore wish to remain here, and fight our enemy, should they make their appearance... Father!—You have got the arms and the ammunition which our great father [the King of England] sent for his red children. If you have an idea of going away, give them to us. Our lives are in the hands of the Great Spirit. We are determined to defend our lands, and if it be his will, we wish to leave our bones upon them.
This speech was repeatedly reported by Benjamin Bussey Thatcher in his works about the North-East Indians; see, Indian Biography, or An historical account of those individuals who have been distinguished among the North American natives as orators, warriors, statesmen and other remarkable characters, New York, J. & J. Harper, 1832, vol. II, p. 237
Tenskwatawa - The Prophet (First Nations)
William Henry Harrison (American)
Battle of Queenston Heights
“The indians being most active in climbing up, first came in contact with the enemy and drove them before them for some distance. The Americans however soon rallied…Our troops coming up at the same time opened so good a fire upon the enemy threat they were again obliged to retire. They were immediately pursued by the indians and our Force shouting and hallowing as loud as they could. The Americans now gave way on all sides – many of them jumped off the precipice and many attempted to swim across the River who were drowned or killed by our shot. A white flag was immediately hoisted by the Americans in the battery and they surrendered prisoners of war. We have taken one thousand prisoners - besides killed and wounded…” Letter from Archibald McLean to unknown, October 15, 1812
Ferdinand Brock Tupper, Reference Code: F 1081, box MU 3027 Archives of
Ontario. Extract from an original letter.
The Battle of Moraviantown
Battle of Lundy’s Lane
This lesson can be completed in two classes (100-120 minutes).
To analyse information about how the war developed, was fought through the eyes of some of the participants and concluded.
British Columbia — Social Studies 9