The War of 1812: Who Won the War?

Students will learn about the causes, course and consequences of the War of 1812. The causes section will help students understand the geographical location and importance of Upper Canada to the Americans and British, the spark which led to the declaration of war and the role of the First Nations before the war. The course section will focus on the stories of key individuals (British, American, First Nations) and the lack of any decisive military victory. The consequences section will show how very little changed for all sides as is evident in the peace treaty in Ghent in 1814.
  • Canadian Geographic War of 1812 poster-map
  • War of 1812 interactive map & timeline
  • Berton, Pierre.  The Invasion of Canada (1980)
  • Hitsman, J.Mackay.  The Incredible War of 1812. A Military History (updated by Donald E.Graves, 1999)
  • Stanley, George F.  The War of 1812: Land Operations. Toronto: MacMillan of Canada, 1983. Detailed account of all the campaigns in Canada during the War of 1812.
  • Sugden, John. Tecumseh: A Life. Detroit: Owl Press, 1999. The story of Tecumseh, his half brother the Prophet and the attempts to forge a First Nations resistance to the United States.
  • Archives of Ontario – War of 1812 - Sources
  • War of 1812: From Colony to Country – Library and Archives Canada